Maybe you’re starting to notice some frown lines on your face, and even tiny wrinkles at the corner of your eyes. While these are signs of early aging (unfortunately), they are just the more prominent ones. There is another one that, although is much more inconspicuous, still points to the sad reality that your skin is starting to age.
What is it?
Uneven skin tone.
Have you noticed some brown patches on your face? No, we’re not just talking about freckles, but big and uneven brown patches on your face and hands? What about on your shoulders and chest area? These dark spots are also known as hyperpigmentation, which is typically caused by prolonged sun exposure. Rememebr that the sun has UV rays that penetrate deep into our skin – mostly, this is what sets off the premature aging time bomb.
Now that we’re living in an age of brightening products, it seems high time to discuss at least part of what those products are trying to address. So settle in, and let’s have a talk about hyperpigmentation.
What is Melanin?
Whenever you go out into the sun for a tan, what is responsible for changing your skin color is melanin. Melanin is a pigment that darkens the skin to protect it from any damage caused by ultraviolet ray exposure. While melanin can give you the effect that you desire after going on a beach trip, it can also cause unwatned dark patches whenever you stay out in the sun for too long during your daily walks to work or everyday commute.
Melanin in found in most living things, it is not unique to humans. It is a pigment derived from tyrosine, an essential amino acid that our body needs to function properly. Melanin is made in the melanocytes (epidermal cells) and also in the hair follicles. It’s a bit like a colored crayon, responsible for brownish and reddish tones in the skin and hair. But its main function is, in fact, to protect us against the damaging effects of UV radiation.
How Can You Treat Pigmentation?
Up until recently, one of the few ways (if not the only way) to treat skin pigmentation is with the use of lasers. Lasers have been seen to be highly effective, but they do come with a few drawbacks. Lasers are very expensive, can cause a lot of down-time, only mostly applicable to those with light skin, and it offers no assurance that the pigmentation will never come back ever again. the problem can come back.
Aside from laser, bleaching creams have also been used. However, many dermatologists and skin experts discourage the use of bleaching creams because of their steroid content (prolonged use of steroid can increase your skin’s sensitivity, thus making it prone to injury and other skin diseases), and even mercury and other elements that are highly toxic and irritating to the skin.
So for those of us who have to face the problem of pigmentation, are we simply doomed?
Not at all. The great news is, hyperpigmentation can be treated and managed. How? You’ll know soon enough, but for now, let’s get on to some of the basics:
Best Ingredients That Fight Pigmentation
Seeing the sad results of too much sun exposure yet? Don’t panic. You can definitely reverse the visible signs of hyperpigmentation with the use of products with the following ingredients:
1. Retinol - Retinol is derived from Vitamin A, and it is the most common ingredient prescribed when it comes to treating hyperpigmentation. It promotes cell turnover, thus making sure that the outer layer of your skin is replaced by the healthier inner and deeper skin. Plus, it also has the ability to fight off acne (which is also another symptom of excessive sun exposure). The result? A skin that is free from acne, eczema, sun-induced wrinkles, and of course, unwanted dark spots. Use this guide to get the most out of your retinol therapy.
YEOUTH’s 2.5% Retinol Serum has the ability to reduce fine lines and wrinkles on the skin, as well as hyperpigmentation. It does this by increasing the production of collagen, and likewise increasing cell turnover. The result? A supple, youthful skin glow.
2. Salicylic Acid - Salicylic Acid is a metabolized Salicin. It is considered to have aspirin-like, anti-inflammatory properties, and is a popular ingredient in acne treatment formulas. It also works as a keratolytic, which means that it is able to bring forth an a healthy skin exfoliation by allowing dead skin cells to be shed and replaced by newer and healthier skin.
YEOUTH’s Salicylic Acid 20% Gel Peel works as an exfoliant. It serves to exfoliate dead skin cells which allows the skin to have that brighter, lighter, and more radiant glow. YEOUTH's team of skincare experts have designed the product to help accelerate skin renewal for a silky smooth finish.
3. Glycolic Acid - Oh, the wonder that is glycolic acid. This acid is also highly effective in treating hyperpigmentation, and even freckles. Plus, it is also able to reduce fine lines and avoid skin dullness. Together with salicylic acid and retinol, it also facilitates skin exfoliation.
YEOUTH’s Medical quality 30% Glycolic Acid Anti-aging Gel Peel is ideal for reducing wrinkles and other fine lines, as well as smoothening rough and uneven skin, by shrinking pores.
4. Vitamin C - Vitamin C is also a very powerful antioxidant, which is able to keep your skin aglow and free from those annoying sun spots. So what does it do? On a celluar level, it works with tyrosinase, which is involved in the production of melanin. The result? Beautiful skin with not a hint of premature aging.
YEOUTH’s Vitamin C and E Serum with Hyaluronic Acid boosts the production of collagen for a healthy, glowing skin. It also creates a healthy skin barrier, preventing the penetration of UV rays from too muhc sun exposure. It is also able to provide optimum hydration to the skin, thus minimizing every fine line and wrinkle. Together, Vitamins C and E limit skin damage in an unparalleled way.
YEOUTH’s products are absolute game-changers on the market that are effectively able to help you fight off pigmentation. Plus, not only will these products combat uneven skin tone for you, but they will also give you a revitalized, nurtured, soothed, and hydrated skin.
Dewy skin and sun-kissed cheeks are some of the aesthetic perks of summertime. So long as you are consistently applying your broad spectrum SPF as regularly as you rock that bikini, exfoliating your skin as regularly as you shaved your legs, and applying the needed moisturizers and antioxidants as religiously as you take your vitamins, your skin is glowing and healthy from all the time you spent outdoors. However, as the days begin to shorten and the heat and sun gives way to clouds and the crisp fall air, you might also notice some differences in your skin.
A lot of skin conditions are heavily correlated with humidity and temperature as the skin’s hydration level changes with the variations of seasons. Summer brings humidity and boosts the skin’s moisture levels. Regular exfoliation and lightweight products are needed to protect the skin during summertime, with sweat and increases in oil production affecting the skin. Seasons change, and after summertime, wind and cold air cause the skin to dry.
Skin Damage that Summer Brings
Aside from dehydration that comes with the hot temperature and sun damage that is typically unavoidable during the summer season, increases in oil and sweat production contribute to clogged pores and breakouts. In addition, prolonged sun exposure can trigger wrinkle formation, skin discoloration, and ultimately, more serious skin conditions like skin cancer.
Immersion in water and chlorine for long hours can cause the skin barrier to break down, and prolonged hours in the pool can actually dehydrate the skin. Humidity and heat are both very conducive to bacterial and fungal infections of the skin. Add pollutants to the equation if you have spent long hours without a sunscreen and an antioxidant-rich skin product.
How do we remedy all these?
Detoxifying Summer-Ravaged Skin in Preparation for Fall
Before you dye your hair a darker shade and begin using deeper color eye shadows, give your skin some love. Here are some great tips:
1. Increase your use of antioxidants
Antioxidants are vital to your health, whether you apply them topically or you eat them. Antioxidants are particularly helpful for reducing environmental damage whether it's from the pollution or from the sun. They inhibit free-radical damage, and studies are particularly clear that antioxidants have remarkable benefits regardless of your skin type.
One of the biggest ways you can slow down the impact of free radical damage is from the use of antioxidants. In fact, it is so vital for the body that they are being studied by scientists on a global scale. Even the experts in the skincare world profess, if there's a fountain of youth, antioxidants are definitely in it!
Hence, you need some antioxidant lovin’ to repair the ravages of summer. It will do wonders in preventing dry skin spells and breakouts as the weather gets cooler too. Neutralize your sun exposure by lathering on a healthy dose of antioxidant and sunscreen on a daily basis.
Applied topically, vitamin C has been shown to boost collagen production. Vitamin C is also well known to reduce skin discoloration, increase the skin's ability to repair and heal itself, strengthen the skin's barrier response, help skin to better withstand sunlight exposure, and reduce inflammation.
You will find Vitamin C in lots of products, from eye gels to lip balms, but you'll get the most out of it in targeted treatment products like serums.
Yeouth’s Vitamin C Serum with Hyaluronic Acid and Vitamin E
2. Switch to hydrating and nourishing skin care products
As the seasons change, it’s best to moisturize the skin since it will not only help you feel and look better, it will function as a wonderful protective barrier against the elements and infection. Boosting your skin’s hydration for the colder season will make it less likely to develop rashes, look red or blotchy, or to itch. The use of milder skincare products that hydrate and don’t strip the skin of its essential, natural oils decreases the risk of tears and cracks and may serve as doorways for fungal, bacterial, or viral infections. Swap your oil-free products for more emolliating products that will effectively combat the conditions of fall and winter.
Consider using a product rich in nourishing ingredients, like vitamin E, tripeptides, and hyaluronic acid. Vitamin E acts in various ways to protect the skin from the early stages of sun damage and aids in protecting the skin cells from oxidative damage. It works synergistically with vitamin C - this is why using a serum that contains two of these powerful vitamins are absolutely beneficial.
Emollients, on the other hand, are lubricating ingredients that act to prevent water loss and have a smoothing, protective, softening effect on skin. Remember that the key to maintaining skin's moisture is preventing water loss. Good examples of emollients are linoleic acid, glycerin, and triglycerides.
Hyaluronic acid is a popular skincare ingredient, and with good reason. Packed with anti-aging properties and naturally found in the body, hyaluronic acid adds and secures moisture and creates fullness. L22 lipid complex are derived exclusively from natural botanical nutrients and has been proven in clinical trials to improve skin hydration and barrier repair.
If you’ve been thinking about getting a chemical peel, this is the perfect time to do it. Peels like a salicylic and glycolic acid peel help take off the "glue" that holds the dryer, older, and rougher skin on the surface. Once that top layer is removed, new skin will surface. This is the layer that is fresh and devoid of damage.
Peels help in exfoliating the dull, dry, outer layer of the skin and decrease the sun spots or melanin build-up that has accumulated over the summer. If you want to save hundreds of dollars, you can purchase a quality at-home chemical peel, but be sure you understand how to apply it effectively and safely to get the best results.
Peels have a cumulative effect, so it’s recommended that you do a peel every three to four weeks, depending on your skin type. Consistency will give you the best results. For at-home use, it’s best to start off with a lower formulation, like a 20% solution. Do not use a product with a higher concentration if you’re a first time user.
Those who have tried chemical peels are normally amazed with the results - they have fewer fine lines and wrinkles, and those with acne notice that their skin is much clearer and less oily.
Skin Obsession 30% Glycolic Acid Chemical Peel
Perfect Image Glycolic Acid 30% Gel Peel
Skin Beauty Solutions Salicylic Acid 30% Peel
To get an exclusive discount on YEOUTH’s upcoming range of quality at-home chemical peels, click here.