Hyperpigmentation: Causes & Treatments

Posted on November 07, 2016 by YEOUTH Team | 2 comments

Maybe you’re starting to notice some frown lines on your face, and even tiny wrinkles at the corner of your eyes. While these are signs of early aging (unfortunately), they are just the more prominent ones. There is another one that, although is much more inconspicuous, still points to the sad reality that your skin is starting to age.

What is it?

Uneven skin tone.

Have you noticed some brown patches on your face? No, we’re not just talking about freckles, but big and uneven brown patches on your face and hands? What about on your shoulders and chest area? These dark spots are also known as hyperpigmentation, which is typically caused by prolonged sun exposure. Rememebr that the sun has UV rays that penetrate deep into our skin – mostly, this is what sets off the premature aging time bomb.

Now that we’re living in an age of brightening products, it seems high time to discuss at least part of what those products are trying to address. So settle in, and let’s have a talk about hyperpigmentation.

What is Melanin?

Whenever you go out into the sun for a tan, what is responsible for changing your skin color is melanin. Melanin is a pigment that darkens the skin to protect it from any damage caused by ultraviolet ray exposure. While melanin can give you the effect that you desire after going on a beach trip, it can also cause unwatned dark patches whenever you stay out in the sun for too long during your daily walks to work or everyday commute.

Melanin in found in most living things, it is not unique to humans. It is a pigment derived from tyrosine, an essential amino acid that our body needs to function properly. Melanin is made in the melanocytes (epidermal cells) and also in the hair follicles. It’s a bit like a colored crayon, responsible for brownish and reddish tones in the skin and hair. But its main function is, in fact, to protect us against the damaging effects of UV radiation.

How Can You Treat Pigmentation?

Up until recently, one of the few ways (if not the only way) to treat skin pigmentation is with the use of lasers. Lasers have been seen to be highly effective, but they do come with a few drawbacks. Lasers are very expensive, can cause a lot of down-time, only mostly applicable to those with light skin, and it offers no assurance that the pigmentation will never come back ever again. the problem can come back.

Aside from laser, bleaching creams have also been used. However, many dermatologists and skin experts discourage the use of bleaching creams because of their steroid content (prolonged use of steroid can increase your skin’s sensitivity, thus making it prone to injury and other skin diseases), and even mercury and other elements that are highly toxic and irritating to the skin.
So for those of us who have to face the problem of pigmentation, are we simply doomed?

Not at all. The great news is, hyperpigmentation can be treated and managed. How? You’ll know soon enough, but for now, let’s get on to some of the basics: 

  • SPF is a must – you must be tired of being told this by now, right? But we cannot overemphasize this – your skin needs good sunscreen because it is from the sun’s rays that you are bound to get much of your unwanted pigmentation!
  • Go for antioxidants – antioxidants are able to fight skin pigmentation, so make sure that you get your daily dose of antioxidants, whether from your diet, supplements, or skincare products.
  • Go for brightening products too – aside from antioxidants, brightening products are also helpful in fighting away hyperpigmentation. Typicaly, skin brightening ingredients are found in toners, creams, and other cleansing solutions.

Best Ingredients That Fight Pigmentation

Seeing the sad results of too much sun exposure yet? Don’t panic. You can definitely reverse the visible signs of hyperpigmentation with the use of products with the following ingredients:

1. Retinol - Retinol is derived from Vitamin A, and it is the most common ingredient prescribed when it comes to treating hyperpigmentation. It promotes cell turnover, thus making sure that the outer layer of your skin is replaced by the healthier inner and deeper skin. Plus, it also has the ability to fight off acne (which is also another symptom of excessive sun exposure). The result? A skin that is free from acne, eczema, sun-induced wrinkles, and of course, unwanted dark spots. Use this guide to get the most out of your retinol therapy.

YEOUTH’s 2.5% Retinol Serum has the ability to reduce fine lines and wrinkles on the skin, as well as hyperpigmentation. It does this by increasing the production of collagen, and likewise increasing cell turnover. The result? A supple, youthful skin glow.

2. Salicylic Acid - Salicylic Acid is a metabolized Salicin. It is considered to have aspirin-like, anti-inflammatory properties, and is a popular ingredient in acne treatment formulas. It also works as a keratolytic, which means that it is able to bring forth an a healthy skin exfoliation by allowing dead skin cells to be shed and replaced by newer and healthier skin.

YEOUTH’s Salicylic Acid 20% Gel Peel works as an exfoliant. It serves to exfoliate dead skin cells which allows the skin to have that brighter, lighter, and more radiant glow. YEOUTH's team of skincare experts have designed the product to help accelerate skin renewal for a silky smooth finish.
3. Glycolic Acid - Oh, the wonder that is glycolic acid. This acid is also highly effective in treating hyperpigmentation, and even freckles. Plus, it is also able to reduce fine lines and avoid skin dullness. Together with salicylic acid and retinol, it also facilitates skin exfoliation.

YEOUTH’s Medical quality 30% Glycolic Acid Anti-aging Gel Peel is ideal for reducing wrinkles and other fine lines, as well as smoothening rough and uneven skin, by shrinking pores.

4. Vitamin C - Vitamin C is also a very powerful antioxidant, which is able to keep your skin aglow and free from those annoying sun spots. So what does it do? On a celluar level, it works with tyrosinase, which is involved in the production of melanin. The result? Beautiful skin with  not a hint of premature aging.

YEOUTH’s Vitamin C and E Serum with Hyaluronic Acid boosts the production of collagen for a healthy, glowing skin. It also creates a healthy skin barrier, preventing the penetration of UV rays from too muhc sun exposure. It is also able to provide optimum hydration to the skin, thus minimizing every fine line and wrinkle. Together, Vitamins C and E limit skin damage in an unparalleled way.

YEOUTH’s products are absolute game-changers on the market that are effectively able to help you fight off pigmentation. Plus, not only will these products combat uneven skin tone for you, but they will also give you a revitalized, nurtured, soothed, and hydrated skin.



2 Responses

Rutuja Gupta
Rutuja Gupta

November 15, 2018

Interesting blog, good information given about hyper pigmentation causes & treatments. Was very helpful, thanks for sharing the blog with us.

Joanne Curtis
Joanne Curtis

August 03, 2017

Very informative and interesting. Love your products

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